• Telnet is one of the major protocols of client-server architecture.


  • Telnet is an application layer protocol used to establish a virtual terminal or remote connection to a computer or network device over the Internet or a local network.


  • Telnet enables a user to establish a connection to a remote computer or device and access its command line interface as if they were physically present at the device.
  • Telnet works by establishing a TCP/IP connection between the local and remote computers.


  • Telnet allows a user to log in to a remote device and access its command-line interface as if they were physically present at the device’s console.
  • Telnet is often used by system administrators and network engineers to manage and troubleshoot remote devices.

Working Mechanism

  • When a user establishes a Telnet session, they are prompted to enter their username and password to authenticate themselves to the remote device. Once authenticated, they can issue commands to the remote device as if they were using it locally.
  • Once the connection is established, the remote computer’s command line interface is presented to the user, who can enter commands and receive responses as if they were sitting in front of the remote computer.


  • Telnet has some security concerns because Telnet transmits data in plain text, which means that anyone who intercepts the data stream can read the information. This makes Telnet an insecure protocol and not suitable for transmitting sensitive information over a network. Therefore, it is recommended to use secure alternatives like SSH (Secure Shell) instead of Telnet.
  • In other words, Telnet is considered to be an insecure protocol because it does not provide encryption or authentication, which makes it susceptible to eavesdropping and interception by attackers. As a result, Telnet has largely been replaced by more secure remote access protocols such as SSH (Secure Shell).


  • Telnet is commonly used to remotely manage servers, routers, and other network devices.
  • It can also be used to access online services, such as bulletin board systems and chat rooms.



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